Optometrists are health care professionals that assess, treat, manage and prevent eye and vision problems. They use their expertise in eye and vision function, systems, diseases, disorders and medical technology to help patients retain normal vision.

Eye and vision disorders treated by optometrists include:

  • Retinal detachment
  • Recurrent corneal erosion
  • Pterygium
  • Presbyopia
  • Conjunctivitis (pink-eye)
  • Low vision
  • Age-related macular degeneration 
  • Refraction disorders (near-sightedness, farsightedness)
  • Ocular Melanoma
  • Glaucoma
  • Vitreous detachment
  • Trichiasis
  • Strabismus

Optometrists provide eye and vision services in optometry and eye care clinics. These services include:

  • Assessing, treating and preventing eye and vision disorders.
  • Prescribing and giving eye glasses, contact lenses, and low vision devices
  • Prescribing eye and vision medication.
  • Developing health care plans and providing services in a health care team.
  •  Promoting eye and vision health through education.

In Ontario, “Optometrist” is a regulated profession subject to the Professional Policies and Guidelines and Standards of Practice defined by the College of Optometrists of Ontario. For more information on regulatory colleges, view our What is a Regulatory College page.